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Defence & Security

A Sea Change: Space Battles in the Russia-Ukraine War

NATO is currently conducting one of its largest-ever military drills in the Baltic Sea, BALTOPS 22, with the participation of 14 countries, including Sweden and Finland, which seek to join NATO. In reaction, Russia, too, carried about a military drill in the Baltic, 64 km from its nearest military...

Political Considerations: The Motives and Implications of Lifting Five...

On 20 May, the US Department of State announced removing five terrorist organizations (Al-Jama’a Al-Islamiyya, Mujahidin Shura Council in the Environs of Jerusalem, Kahane Chai, Basque Fatherland and Liberty, and Aum Shinrikyo) from its list of foreign terrorist organizations (FTO) under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). According to...

The First Strike: Russia Storms Ukraine

At daybreak on 24 February 2022, Russia mounted a full-scale invasion of Ukraine on all fronts, with Russian tank crews moving from the north through Belarus simultaneously with other forces moving from the west of Russia and a sea-borne invasion conducted through the Sea of Azov and Crimea. Clashes broke...

Cautious Optimism: How Can the Russia-Ukraine Crisis be Contained?

Good omens auguring containment of the Ukrainian crisis started dawning following the visit of German Chancellor Olaf Scholz to Moscow on 15 February and his meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin, where the two leaders looked into the possibility of containing the crisis through opening up a “serious” opportunity...

Containing Tensions: Can Libya’s Political Transition Be Saved?

In a moment of anticipated opportunism that comes amidst a highly volatile security situation and a critical political moment, militias of Salah Badi and Abdul-Basit Marwan seized Libya’s Presidential Council headquarters and threatened to besiege the executive authority and cancelling elections, leaving actors in the Libyan theatre facing a...

Egypt’s Defense Industries: Steady Steps and Promising Prospects

The Arab world has witnessed more than its fair share of turmoil in the last 10 years, bringing about paradigm shifts that ravaged the Arab national security system and leaving a strategic, security, and political vacuum in the region.  Long-established regimes were overthrown, several countries fell into the clutches of...

Strategic partnerships: Al-Sisi’s messages on Egyptian-Iraqi relations at Baghdad...

President Abdel-Fattah Al-Sisi’s statement at the Baghdad “Cooperation and Partnership” summit included many political messages that reflect the strength of the Egyptian-Iraqi relations at the current stage. The statement also expresses Cairo’s desire to boost its relationship with Baghdad and build on the recent growth in partnerships. Egypt also aspires...

Reopening Libya’s coastal road: What’s next for the parties...

After a two-year closure on the backdrop of the Tripoli battle (April 2020-October 2021), the Libyan coastal road connecting Libya’s east and west was reopened. The move re-invoked a sense of optimism about the country’s political transition following consecutive frustrations due to pitfalls in political files.  In fact, it is...

Egypt-Kenya military and defense pacts

On 26 May, Egypt and Kenya inked a technical agreement for defense cooperation in the presence of General Mohamed Farid, Chief of Staff of the Egyptian Armed forces, Monica Juma, Kenya's Defense Cabinet Secretary, and Robert Kibochi, Chief of Defense Forces.  The agreement, which comes one day before the visit...

The Brotherhood’s networks in Britain: Encompassing and infiltrating society

The Muslim Brotherhood in Britain adopts a relatively old approach that was unveiled in the document written by prominent Brotherhood leader Muhammad Akram, titled “Towards a global strategy for Islamic policy: Assumptions, elements, procedures, and duties”. This approach aims at achieving the general goal of creating a parallel social...

The Saviz strike: A shift in Israeli-Iranian vessel war

Tensions are mounting between Iran and Israel. The Iranian vessel anchored off Yemen's Red Sea coast Safiz was damaged by an explosion two weeks after an Israeli Liberian-flagged vessel was targeted by an Iranian missile halfway between Tanzania and India. A recent investigation by the Wall Street Journal dated...

Messages of military drills: Is the region on the...

The region is turning into a theatre of operations with the steady increase in military drills. The Gulf, in particular, has a busy schedule of military drills. In March, Saudi Arabia stepped up military drills, conducting four military exercises, namely an air drill with Greece (Falcon Eye 1 at...

Why isn’t the Yemen war drawing to a close?

During the Houthi militia meeting with US Special Envoy to Yemen Tim Linderking on 4 March the Houthis rejected the US ceasefire proposal. While the negotiating parties kept a lid on the content of the US initiative that followed Linderking’s visit to Saudi Arabia during which he met with...

War in Yemen: Iran’s changing tactics

The Arab coalition to restore legitimacy in Yemen reported last month that it had thwarted a Houthi terrorist operation targeting a Greek oil tanker in the vicinity of the Bab Al-Mandab strait. According to the coalition sources, an explosive laden speedboat was used in the attack. On Saturday, the United Kingdom Maritime...

Strategic Shift: Iran’s role in Sanaa between Proxy Management...

The Houthis’ drone and missile attacks are on the rise again on the domestic and foreign fronts. Twenty-one attacks were recorded in October 2020, following a period of relative decline since July 2020, in which were recorded 25 attacks, according to figures by the coalition. The largest number of...

Turkey and the Muslim Brotherhood: A temporary refuge and...

The correlation between Turkey’s expansionist project in the Arab region and the Muslim Brotherhood can’t be more apparent. There are many factors that make Turkey the safest haven for Brotherhood members that fled Egypt after the 30 June 2013 Revolution. However, it is difficult for Turkey to be a...

Trump’s war on TikTok

TikTok has gained more popularity since March as a result of the coronavirus deadlock in most countries. The application has nearly one billion users worldwide, and has up to 80 million daily active users in the US alone. India is TikTok’s largest market, followed by Brazil and the US....

Afghan Peace Process: Cautious Optimism

Statements coming from Dr. Abdullah Abdullah, President Ashraf Ghani, and more importantly the Taliban expressing that the highly anticipated and much awaited intra – Afghan talks between the Taliban and government may finally be taking place. These are, after all, a key component of the peace process that has...

Threat of terrorism to human rights in Egypt and...

Addressing terrorism as an internal or trans-border existential phenomenon and condition, and not an accident, which has taken many shapes and forms such as groups, organized crime or ideologies, is the gateway to studying it and its multiple dimensions, and understanding its impact on human rights and the survival...

Sinai: Human Rights and Combating Terrorism

Egypt has been in a continuous battle against terrorism since September 2015, when the two phases of Operation Martyr’s Right was launched. In February 2018, Egypt embarked on Comprehensive Operation Sinai. Despite the national and regional complications, the Egyptian state adopted a course that was in line with human...

Egypt’s Vision for Combating Terrorism

Egypt’s vision for combating terrorism is rooted in the state’s firm view that terrorist groups, despite their differences, are of equal threat and their ideas are based in the same ideology that incites violence, killing, and terrorizing people. Egypt believes extremism in all its forms is the ideological umbrella...

Assessing Deterrent Measures and the Prospects of War: US...

Introduction Events are speeding up in the Gulf region with anticipations of military confrontation between the US and Iran. Despite the fact that logical calculations decrease the possibility of this confrontation actually taking place, the pressures exerted on both parties, as well as on the secondary players in the equation,...

On deradicalisation: Marc Sageman and the psychology of jihadists

A month ago, a friend asked me to write a very short piece on de-radicalisation and the deadline was quite short — less than 10 hours. I started my research, helped by my familiarity with some French debates. I downloaded working papers and studies, watched videos, read some articles, but...

A Multi-dimensional Affair: Women and Terrorism in Africa

Africa is one of the environments conducive to the spread of extremist groups. Sixty-four terrorist organizations reside in the continent, five of the most dangerous of which are based in the Horn of Africa and the Sahel with ties to Al-Qaeda or the Islamic State. These five groups are Harakat...

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