loader image
Category

International Relations

Revealing Motives: Mali’s Withdrawal from the G5 Sahel

On 15 May 2022, Mali announced its withdrawal from the Group of Five for the Sahel (G5 Sahel), comprising Chad, Mali, Niger, Mauritania, and Burkina Faso, deciding to withdraw from all the G5 Sahel bodies, including la Force conjointe du G5 Sahel (FC-G5S).  Mali’s announcement came in protest against...

The Outstretched Hand: Algeria’s New Approach to Tackle Domestic...

The Algerian presidency’s move to launch a national dialogue and the “Reunion” initiative marks a watershed in President AbdelmadjidTebboune's first term and a critical path towards readjusting the political landscape with all its partisan components and opposition blocs. This step is particularly aimed at promoting national reconciliation with the...

Under Pressure: The Algerian President’s Messages and the Implications...

The visit of Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune to Ankara on 15 May marked a vital step in the relationship between the two countries, particularly amid the development of Algerian-Turkish political and economic relations and the declining economic situation in the two countries due to the repercussions of the Russo-Ukrainian...

Electoral Considerations: Erdogan’s Project to Repatriate a Million Refugees...

The Syrian refugees’ crisis has recently regained center stage in Turkish domestic politics, following the Turkish President's announcement of a project to repatriate one million Syrian refugees to Syria.  During the inauguration and handover of a new cinder block homes in Idlib, northwest Syria, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced...

Why Doesn’t Washington Wrap Up Nuclear Negotiations with Tehran?

Although the US special envoy to Iran Robert Malley confirmed in a hearing in the Senate on 25 May that “prospects for reaching a deal with Iran are, at best, tenuous”, the United States and the West are still seeing a potential deal coming out of the Vienna negotiations...

Debating Priorities: Reading into the Formation of the New...

Following his re-election, French President Emmanuel Macron presented himself as a new president who would form a new government for a “new people”. Observers scoffed at Macron’s reference to a “new people” but I think Macron was referring to the changes in the demographics of France. The president said...

Dangerous Repercussions and Limited Responses: Floods and Climate Change...

On 8 April the South African provinces of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Cape were hit by disastrous flooding. This comes after neighboring countries such as Mozambique, Malawi, Madagascar, and Zimbabwe experienced successive tropical storms, i.e. Ana, Batsirai, Emnati, and Gombe from January to March.  Beyond these recent climate-related disasters, Southern...

The Effect of Macron’s Personality Traits on France’s Foreign...

In our previous op-ed, we touched on the impact of Macron’s personality, psychological traits, and intellectual and ideological convictions on France’s foreign policy. All the time, perceptions of French presidents have had a profound impact on the republic, but this grew stronger under Macron’s presidency due to the concentration...

Growing Threat: Terrorism in the Sahel Amid Uncoordinated Efforts

During the workshop held by the UN’s International Organization for Migration (IOM) with the Sahel countries on 21 March 2022, the head of the IOM mission in Mauritania, Boubacar Saibo, declared that terrorism and violent extremism have spilled over beyond Sahel states’ borders, hitting hard many countries in the...

Relative Stability: France’s Middle East Policy during Macron’s Second...

The second round of the French presidential elections ended with Emmanuel Macron winning a second term, receiving 58.54 percent of votes against 41.46 percent for his right-wing rival Marine Le Pen.  While the political campaigns of the French presidential candidates are usually dominated by domestic issues, with foreign policy issues...

Alternative Approaches: Chad’s Regional Role amid Challenges of Political...

The political transformations that Chad is undergoing have raised several fears and questions about the future of Chad's regional role in the fight against terrorism along the Lake Chad basin and in the Sahel and Sahara region.  These fears are increasing with greater possibilities of the decline of international involvement...

The Challenge for Hegemony: Will Putin Limit the Impact...

The Russia-Ukraine war that broke out on 24 February posed a significant challenge to the US and its allies, being an attempt by Russia to assert its position as a superpower that is capable of influencing the rules of the game.  The US responded by waging a vehement economic war...

Group of African Four Nations: Context and Motives

In tandem with the global public opinion dwelling on the developments of the Russo-Ukrainian war, an alliance between four African countries was announced. On 20 February 2022, a quadruple African alliance was launched under the name “Group of Four Nations” (G4) at the initiative of Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy...

Strategic Motives: Three Decades of Chinese Relations with Central...

In the virtual summit held between China and Central Asian countries in January 2022 commemorating 30 years of diplomatic relations between the two sides, Chinese President Xi said the past three decades have witnessed the launch of several development projects, strategic partnerships, and the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI)...

Limits of Wagering: Cairo Hosts Talks on Libya’s Constitutional...

The stakes are high that the round of dialogue to be hosted by Cairo this week, bringing together Libyan delegations of the House of Representatives (HoR) and the High Council of State (HCS) will offer a new opportunity for a settlement of the disagreement arisen over the provisional constitutional...

Limited Alternative: Can Venezuela offer the United States a...

On 8 March, US President Joe Biden banned the import of Russian oil and gas as part of a series of Western sanctions on the Russian economy in response to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. The step came in tandem with potential rapprochement between the United States and Venezuela, with...

The Motives and Significance of Designating Qatar a Major...

Joe Biden’s administration has expanded the list of major non-NATO allies, officially adding Qatar to it under presidential decree issued by the White House on 11 March, enabling Doha to join the short list of major non-NATO allies, comprising 19 countries to become the third Arab government to enjoy...

French Presidential Elections: Between Clarity and Nebulousness

After several vicissitudes, the first round of the French election will perhaps lead President Emmanuel Macron to face off against Marine Le Pen in a second round of presidential election, with all opinion polls suggesting the gap between the two candidates is narrowing. For the first time, ruling out...

A Gradual Return: Dimensions of Al-Assad’s UAE Visit

On 18 March Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad traveled to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to meet with Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces, and Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, the Ruler of Dubai and...

Why Did Israel Intensify Escalation with Iran?

Israel’s conundrum with Iran is no longer confined to Iran’s nuclear program –notwithstanding the utmost importance Israel attaches to it– but extends to other issues that Tel Aviv considers equally significant.  Arguably, Israel has developed its counter-Iran strategy to encompass most –if not all– of Iran’s “sources of power”. This...

Iran’s Cyberattack on Israel: Background and Significance

On 14 March Israel came under a cyberattack that hit several government websites on the domain “.gov.il” that is being used by government entities except the Ministry of Defense. The attack took down several websites, primarily those of the ministries of Interior, Health, Justice, Welfare and Social Affairs, and...

Domestic Gains: Iran’s Stance on the Russo-Ukrainian War

Since the outbreak of the Russo-Ukrainian war on 24 February Iran’s stance on the crisis has been clear, demonstrative of its established foreign policy approach. While the Iranian position was not odd, it came faster than expected. Perhaps a look into Iran’s alliances, international relations, and visions of its...

The Security and Democracy Conundrum in West Africa: The...

The contagion of coups has recently proliferated in West Africa. On 24 January 2022, Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba, head of the Patriotic Movement for Safeguard and Restoration (MPSR) overthrew the Burkinabe President Roch Marc Kabore. Similarly, in September 2021, Guinea witnessed a military coup that deposed President Alpha Condé and,...

Moves of the Silent Majority and Shifts in the...

Ambiguity overshadows the political scene in Sudan amid the current political stalemate and failure of initiatives for settlement, including the UN initiative which some political forces considered as a flagrant interference in Sudan’s internal affairs that is inconsistent with concepts of national sovereignty. At the same time, the political...

The Way Out: Libya’s 12th Constitutional Amendment and Entitlements

On 10 February, the Libyan House of Representatives (HoR) lodged a vote of no-confidence in the new Libyan government headed by Fathi Bashagha. However, a significant legislative step was taken earlier with the HoR approving a roadmap and incorporating it into the 12th constitutional amendment establishing, in its 11...

Looking West: The Political Dimensions of Ethiopia’s Power Generation...

In a festive ceremony attended by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed, Ethiopia announced days ago the start of power generation from the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). During the celebration, Ahmed confirmed that the dam won’t harm the interests of Egypt and Sudan, noting that over 83 percent of the...

The Butterfly Effect: Will the Russia-Ukraine Crisis Affect the...

Tensions between Russia and Ukraine escalated in recent months upon Russia’s mobilization of thousands of troops on the Ukrainian border, which gave rise to an international crisis and fears of a possible Russian invasion of Ukraine.  Even as situated thousands of kilometers away from Ukraine with no geographical boundaries dividing...

Washington’s Tools to Deal with the Ukraine Crisis

The world is going through a critical stage that carries many indicators prefiguring a crisis, including primarily the dramatic developments in the Ukrainian crisis which prompted some observers to consider the current scene as a prelude to a third world war. In many respects, the Ukrainian crisis unveiled several...

Gunboat Diplomacy: Motivations and Expected Scenarios of the Russo-Ukrainian...

The Russo-Ukrainian crisis, arisen between Russia on the one hand and Ukraine backed by Western countries and NATO on the other, has been on the rise recently, with both sides adopting escalatory measures at the security, military, and diplomatic levels, which raised concerns over the possibility of an outbreak...

Why are the Houthis Attacking the UAE?

On 6 December, the UAE National Security Adviser Sheikh Tahnoun bin Zayed visited Tehran upon the invitation of Secretary-General of the Iranian Supreme National Security Council Ali Shamkhani, where he met with high-ranking Iranian officials, most notably President Ebrahim Raisi.  During the visit, the Iranian media highlighted not only the...

Balanced Agreement: Why Does Iran Fear the Nuclear Deal?

On 28 January, delegations participating in the Iran Nuclear Negotiations in Vienna announced pausing the eighth round to head back to their capitals to receive “political decisions”. This appeared to be an indication that the negotiations had reached a decisive stage that requires decisions exceeding the powers of the...

Cautious Trepidation: The International and Regional Response to the...

The domestic conflict is leaving Ethiopia in crisis with the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) approaching Addis Ababa, amid the proliferation of violence and hostilities. There has been a growing international and regional demand for a ceasefire and an end to hostilities to reach a peaceful resolution to the...

The Middle East in 2022: Heading Toward a New...

In 2021, the Middle East witnessed several regional and international transformations that had considerable repercussions, with regional states left facing the post-US withdrawal reality. These transformations led regional countries to formulate new policy frameworks that would help ensure the security and stability of the region after a period of...

US Politicization of Human Rights against China

Since the arrival of President Joe Biden to the White House, some of his policies have made it clear that human rights are a central pillar and key priority to his administration. This has been evidenced by the US relations with China and Biden’s constant criticism of China during...

Case of immigration in Ethiopia: why do people flee?

As it is well known, there are many reasons for people to leave their home, their city and, very often, their country; the most recognized reasons can be: economic development, consequences of climate change, and conflicts within a country. In Ethiopia, as in other countries, these three reasons are...

Latent Escalation: Will Calm in the Eastern Mediterranean Last...

Over the course of the past decade, the Eastern Mediterranean came to stand out as one of the sub-regions that attracted the attention of regional and international powers. This is attributable primarily to the volume of natural gas reserves estimated at 340 trillion cubic feet, which added an economic...

Whither Washington’s Stance on the Ethiopian Crisis?

In a statement released on 2 December, the United Nations (UN) condemned the inter-ethnic conflicts in Ethiopia that put the country at risk of disintegration, warning against a repeat of the chaotic scenes of Kabul Airport in Addis Ababa.  The statement came amidst pitched battles between the Eritrea-backed Ethiopian army...

A Test of Democracy: Corruption and Violence Outbreak in...

The flare of violence that raced across South Africa for the first time since Apartheid, particularly in KwaZulu-Natal and Gauteng provinces in July 2021, wasn’t merely a reflection of the polarization within the ruling African National Congress (ANC) party nor of the country’s economic and social poor conditions manifested...

Libya: Debate to action?

The Libya Stabilisation Initiative Conference that Tripoli hosted last week added little substance to the outputs of the first and second Berlin conferences on Libya. The focus was primarily on questions of national sovereignty, the forthcoming elections, removing foreign mercenaries from the country and other matters critical to the success...

the New Republic: Egypt’s Role in Africa

Establishing the New Republic, the political leadership eyed Africa and sought to consolidate its role in the world's second-largest continent, identifying it as a concentric circle in Egypt's foreign policy on national security-related issues. For Egypt, Africa represents a natural strategic depth. This concept has been manifested in the...

Europe’s Carbon Fees on Imports and their Impact on...

On 2 June, the European Commission announced it will embark on negotiations with its member states to impose fees on their imports. In the first stage, the fees would be applied to steel, cement, and aluminum products, manufactured in countries that lack strict environmental policies or are short in...

The Sino-Australian Rising Rivalry in the Indo-Pacific

The announcement of the AUKUS agreement signed between the United States, United Kingdom, and Australia gave rise to mounting tensions between Australia and China. Under the agreement, Canberra will purchase nuclear-powered submarines from the United States, a deal that China believes is targeted against it, particularly given the growing...

The Snowball Effect: Europe’s Natural Gas Shortage

Europe is hit by a dire crisis in energy supplies that is likely to get worse as winter looms. Gas prices and electricity bills keep soaring, threatening the recovery European economies are pursuing following the recession caused by the pandemic. The crisis isn’t new. It dates back to the years...

The Economic Repercussions of Ethiopia’s Conflict

Ethiopia’s economy had navigated through downturns and the 1980s famine under the Marxist regime led by Gen. Mengistu Haile Mariam, steering towards growth and reform that lasted for decades. Ethiopia became one of the fastest growing economies in the world, with an average growth rate of 10.8 percent between...

From Sale to Slap: France’s Reaction to Australia’s Cancellation...

Australia’s decision to pull out of its $65 billion submarine deal with France was seen by the government, people, and opposition of France as an unacceptable slap and a stab in the back. France felt slighted and humiliated in an unprecedented way since the British ultimatum to it to...

Added confusion: Following the Withdrawal of Confidence from Dbeibeh’s...

There are many Libyan political crises at the current stage, while the political transition process is approaching the peak of the last months to reach the main entitlement of the roadmap for holding elections on 24 December, which doubles the concerns about the smooth implementation of this entitlement and...

Pressure Card: Water between Turkey, Iran, and Iraq

Problems related to international river waters occur from time to time between countries that share a river. Despite there being international legal frameworks governing these rivers, these files are being politicized by some countries, without invoking international agreements. Therefore, the countries argue with one another, while some of them...

The New Republic: Determinants of Egypt’s Foreign Policy

Egypt has been intensely, and unprecedentedly, engaged in international efforts over the past few days. These endeavours are, by and large, the catalyst for Egypt’s restoration of its stature and global standing. As threats contoured the country in the absence of neighboring armies that would join in warding off the repeated...

Multi-Ethnic Alliances: Ethiopia’s Changing Military Balances

The Tigray Defense Forces (TDFs) have been working since June 2021 to build a strong multi-ethnic alliance to stop the Amhara’s control over the Ethiopian state and bring back ethnic federalism.  Alliances among several ethnicities were formed in the wake of the Ethiopian government’s alliance with Eritrea and Somalia aimed at neutralizing...

Afghan Refugees: 40 Years of Suffering

The scene of the US evacuation plane in Kabul airport, surrounded by hundreds of Afghans seeking to escape the control of the Taliban sent a clear message about the new wave of Afghan refugees that will strike neighbouring countries first and spill over into Europe. The thought was rejected...

The September 11 Shock and Vulnerability of US National...

The September 11 attacks of 2001 have been the most agonizing memory indelibly seared into the collective consciousness of the American people. That day marked a fatal blow to the dignity of the US, resulting in a gaping wound that, added to the Pearl Harbor wound of 1941, revealed...

The European Situation Towards Afghanistan Refugees

The Taliban seizure of Afghanistan and Kabul resulted in a significant number of the population fleeing the country due to the fear of starving or living in fear of being raped, abused in different ways, put in jail or, worse, killed. As we know, the Taliban are supporters of...

A qualitative Egyptian-Libyan movement to achieve the political transition...

Cairo has recently witnessed an intensive and qualitative movement on the Libyan file as the political transition process in Libya enters into the decisive phase.  According to the timetable of the roadmap of the transition process, around three months remain until the holding of elections on 26 December, 2021, which...

Egypt, Israel, and natural gas

A new variable started factoring into the Egyptian-Israeli relations in 2005, when the two countries agreed on two major accord, which continue to affect their relations until present. The first was the Agreement on the Qualifying Industrial Zones, known as (QIZ), which was sponsored by the US. Through this...

A Web of Challenges: Europe Encounters Climate Change Threats

Some European countries have been faced with unconventional climate threats, manifested in the unusual sheets of rain, cycles of floods, drought spells, and forest fires that differed in their intensity, range, and sudden occurrence in some areas. These changes have been interpreted as being a product of the climatic...

The New Reality in Afghanistan: The US in Search...

On 27 August 2021, Dr. Stephen Walt, a brilliant leader in international relations and Foreign Policy columnist, wrote an article expressing the view that the US decision to withdraw from Afghanistan was strategically sound, indicating that the decision is unlikely to trigger a crisis of confidence between the United...

The Future of Washington-Brotherhood Relations

Some observers have asserted that the victory of Democratic President Joe Biden will provide a way out for the Brotherhood organization by lifting off the pressures it has been enduring, with the new US administration being the heir of the administration of former president Barack Obama. In this light, in...

Belated Attention: International Response to the Humanitarian Crisis in...

On his first tour following his appointment as the UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator on 12 May, Martin Griffiths landed in Ethiopia to take stock of the humanitarian situation in the country, with the humanitarian and food situation exacerbating following the outbreak of the conflict...

Afghanistan’s Awaited Battle Between the Islamic State Caliphate and...

“An Apostate Group” is how the Islamic State (IS) – or rather the Islamic State Khorasan (IS-K) – has always labelled the Taliban. Since its inception on 23 January 2015, IS-K has seen the Taliban as a major threat that is challenging IS’ presence in Afghanistan.  Between 2017 and 2018,...

Talibanistan or Civil War: Scenarios for the Afghanistan Crisis

Two decades after the United States ousted the Taliban from power, the group are back in control of Afghanistan. On August 15, 2021, the movement announced it has taken over the country and its combatants have entered the Afghan capital, Kabul.  This suggests that Afghanistan might become a Taliban Emirate...

Opportunities and Challenges of Investment in Africa

Africa is rich in natural and human resources that, if made good use of, will be the driving force for economic revival in Africa. For a long time, many countries have eyed Africa for its riches, wealth, and minerals. Recently, the continent has been dubbed “The Continent of the...

A Test of Strength: The Relationship between the Iraqi...

On 9 June Iraq’s judicial authorities released Qasim Muslih, Commander of the Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) in Anbar province after 15 days of detention for charges falling under Article (4) of the Anti-terrorism Law. The detention of Muslih provoked great controversy in Iraq and brought back to the fore...

Sudan’s Economic Reform Program and Paris Club Debts

In mid-July, Emmanuel Mullen, Paris Club President, stated that the club of official debtors had agreed to wipe off $14 billion in debts owed by Sudan and restructure the remaining $23 billion. After the debt relief agreement was concluded, Mullen urged Sudan’s public and private debtors to cancel Sudan’s...

Beyond Tigray: Wielding Hunger as a Weapon in Ethiopia’s...

Tigray is currently facing a complex humanitarian crisis. Aside from conflicts, there is an alarming increase in food insecurity and loss of livelihood, which prompted the United Nations (UN) to warn of escalating famine in Ethiopia within the coming few months. This would be the third great famine in...

Growing challenges: The Ethiopian army following the Tigray battles

In a scene similar to the fights that bloodied the streets of Germany during the last days of the Third Reich, the sight of thousands of Ethiopian soldiers marching in the capital city of Tigray region, Mekelle, shows the crushing military defeat of the Ethiopian army. The scene was...

The Post-Merkel Era: Will Pragmatism Govern US-Germany relations?

In what looks like her last international visit by the end of her 16 years at the helm, German Chancellor Angela Merkel arrived in the United States on 15 July, to be the first European Prime Minister to visit the United States under President Joe Biden’s administration, in an...

From Defense to Attack: Conflict shifts from Tigray to...

In a scene that embodies the historical rivalry that has long existed between the Tigray and the Amhara, the conflict in northern Ethiopia spilled over from Tigray to neighboring Amhara.  While hostilities between the two neighbors have deep roots and a long history, it is rapidly growing, escalating into a...

Civil War: Ethiopia’s Armed Conflict Spills into Afar

With the proliferation of ethnic armed conflicts in Ethiopia, the country seems to have entered a state of disintegration, portending a new phase of civil war that may affect the survival and cohesion of the state or gradually lead to its division. In no case can the Ethiopian policies...

The Inside Story of the Tigray Humanitarian Crisis

It has been three years since Abiy Ahmed took office as Ethiopia’s Prime Minister. Abiy initiated his term with promises of achieving development, stability, and bringing divided ethnicities together under one flag. However, realities in Ethiopia tell another story as the country is ravaged by a civil war. It...

Renewed Crisis: Why did border tensions between Sudan and...

For weeks, the Sudanese-Ethiopian relations have been tense amidst armed attacks on both countries' borders, where the area of Al-Fashaqa is filled with large military crowds amidst the Amhara authorities' push with troops and military enforcement, and the Ethiopian army's large-scale deployment in the Ethiopian town of Metema, in...

Growing challenges: The Ethiopian army following the Tigray battles

In a scene similar to the fights that bloodied the streets of Germany during the last days of the Third Reich, the sight of thousands of Ethiopian soldiers marching in the capital city of Tigray region, Mekelle, shows the crushing military defeat of the Ethiopian army. The scene was...

Power vacuum in Afghanistan: Turkey’s new approach to revive...

Given the current political landscape in Afghanistan with Taliban advancing on the ground and amid the worrying signs that portend the fall of Afghanistan under the grip of Taliban which would bring the country back to square one and the fierce rivalry between countries to fill the vacuum after...

The ethnic crisis of Qemant: The complex reality of...

On 14-15 May 2021, amid the escalating multi-front conflict between the Ethiopian government backed by the Amhara militias in Tigray, Oromia, and Benishangul-Gumuz, the Jalqa region, located 100 km from the Sudan borders, witnessed bloody clashes between the Amhara militias and the Qemant over land tenure in the region,...

Al-Sisi in Djibouti: Consolidating Egypt’s presence in the Horn...

On 27 May President Abdel-Fattah Al-Sisi made a first-ever visit to Djibouti. The visit, which carries considerable implications, has several strategic dimensions that come within the framework of Egypt’s keenness to establish strategic and political ties with countries in the Horn of Africa. The timing of the visit is...

The Alliance of Contradictions: Stability of the Bennett-Lapid Government

The hard-line leader of the Yamina Party, Naftali Bennett, was sworn in as prime minister of the new Israeli government after winning seven seats in the Knesset, the thing which raised questions about the stability of Israel’s new coalition government. How stable the new Israeli government will be is contingent...

Growing international rejection of the coup in Mali

In the aftermath of the second Malian coup in under a year, international and regional positions continued to unfold, calling on national and international actors to support the Malian state institutions and rule of law as a means to prevent recurring crises, ensure respect for human rights, and reiterate...

Algeria’s foreign policy under Tebboune

In the wake of the political changes that Algeria has witnessed since the end of 2018, and the subsequent overthrow of the Bouteflika regime and the rise of President Abdelmadjid Tebboune to power in December 2019, the Algerian foreign policy held many prominent features that became clear in the...

Germany’s unconditional support of Israel in the fourth Gaza...

“Let me say it again very clearly: For us the security of Israel and the security of all Jews in Germany are non-negotiable and Israel can always rely on that.” – these were the words of Germany’s Foreign Minister Heiko Maas in a joint press conference with his Israeli...

France’s two summits: Egyptian and French efforts to support...

Paris hosted African and European leaders and representatives of international financial institutions on 17-18 to attend the International Conference on Sudan and the Summit on Financing African Economies.  The events were part of French President Emmanuel Macron’s efforts to boost France-Africa relations, restore Paris’ role in the continent, and support...

Sheikh Jarrah: A Simulation of the rise of the...

The Likud Party, led by Benjamin Netanyahu, was preparing for the Knesset elections scheduled for March 24, and it signed in February a political partnership agreement with the Religious Zionism list, which includes right-wing extremist parties such as Otzma Yehudit, which is led by Itmar Ibn Juffair, an extremist...

Egypt, Libya, and Greece in the New Mediterranean

Egypt, Libya, and Greece are three pivotal states in the Mediterranean. These are three countries with different historical trajectories but with shared common prospects for the future based on a consensus of mutual national interests. Egypt is the leader of the Arab world, an emerging hegemonic power with strategic interests...

Did Israel commit war crimes in Gaza?

The Gaza Strip’s humanitarian conditions worsened as a result of the military escalation with Israel. The poor living conditions Palestinians in the Strip had suffered from before the aggression plummeted after Israeli shelling targeted the infrastructure and civilians. Israeli hostilities in the Gaza Strip violate the two branches of the...

Will the Gaza War help Netanyahu form a government?

Before the ceasefire agreed between Israel and Palestinian factions, primarily Hamas, on Thursday 20 May, military escalation between the two warring parties had heated up to become the deadliest since 2014. The escalation followed rising tensions in Jerusalem and violent confrontations between the Israeli forces and the Palestinians and...

Miscalculation syndrome: Considering Ethiopia’s attitude on the Renaissance Dam

The Ethiopian government has clearly fallen into the trap of excessive exploitation of the Renaissance Dam to political ends. As it reels beneath mounting pressures both at home and abroad, due to both the cumulative effects of erroneous policies from previous governments and its own poor decisions, it is...

Pre-emptive fallacies Refuting Ethiopia’s claims on the second filling...

Since Ethiopia has unilaterally announced the launch of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) project without coming into an agreement with the two downstream countries Egypt and Sudan, as is required by international conventions to which it is signatory, it has been embraced a counterfactual media discourse to respond...

Should We Fear the Sino-Iranian Pact?

Academic and research centers have been concerned with China’s global expansion for many years and this has been seen by global political, diplomatic, and intelligence circles, particularly in the West, as a dire threat to their interests and the interests of their global partners and allies. The launch of...

Iran’s nuclear program: New contexts and possible scenarios

Despite the succession of different US administrations and European governments, Iran’s nuclear file remains a top priority for decision-makers and strategic planning circles. And while the pendulum of the US-Iran relations kept swinging between escalation and rapprochement, it didn’t move out of the gray area where all scenarios were...

The arms of extremism: The proliferation of Brotherhood schools...

Over the past two decades, the number of Muslim Brotherhood schools in Europe has been steadily increasing, provoking public and political disagreement across the board. Brotherhood schools have faced a barrage of criticism for their failure to promote social inclusion, ignoring contemporary educational standards, and spreading extremist ideologies. As...

Egypt-Sudan Rapprochement in the Face of Major Challenges

Egypt-Sudan relations are expanding in scope, as evidenced by the intense bilateral activities on multiple levels. The recent visit of the Sudanese Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mariam Sadiq al-Mahdi, to Egypt on 2 March and her meeting with Egyptian President, Abdel-Fattah Al-Sisi, and gathering with her Egyptian counterpart, Sameh...

The UK government between rejecting and containing the Muslim...

In April 2014, former British Prime Minister David Cameron commissioned a review of the Muslim Brotherhood in the UK, including its history, ideology, hierarchy and activities in Britain and overseas. The preliminary results were issued on 17 December 2020. The review was conducted by two of the UK’s highest government...

Strategic partnership: Egypt’s policy on Libya during new transitional...

The current impetus in Egypt-Libya relations reflects the effectiveness of the strategy generally followed by Cairo towards the Libyan cause in view of the political transitions experienced by the country over the past decade, particularly during the last period that started with the Berlin Conference (January 2020) and the...

The MB in Europe: A Turkey-Backed Group Against All

The Muslim Brotherhood has been dealt several deafening blows, ranging from the security strikes targeting its runaway leaders, the confiscation of its entities’ funds, and the inclusion of its military arms on terrorist lists. The blows threaten the cohesion of the organization and are an indication of the rifts between...

Widening the scope: Ethiopia’s diplomatic activity amid unrest

On 15 February 2021, Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Ethiopia Demeke Mekonnen embarked on a foreign trip which started with a short two-day visit to Ankara followed by a longer visit to India’s New Delhi for four days. The trip comes at a time of growing unrest...

The Muslim Brotherhood and the West: The West’s losing...

The harbingers of the cold war in the 1950s provided the Muslim Brotherhood with a golden opportunity to take advantage of several contradictions. For the first time, the religious character of the Brotherhood was a clear advantage to respond to potential communist threats. This Brotherhood approach has found some...

The Annoying Ally: Will Biden alter the nature of...

Turkey has been a “Eurasian actor” for more than seven decades and a significant ally of the US in a way that rendered bilateral ties a strategic partnership. Nevertheless, relations have become tense since the failed coup attempt in 2016, and a mixed record of declared differences and understandings...

North Africa 2020: Domestic challenges and tense relationships

The Maghreb region witnessed in 2020 several developments on the domestic and foreign fronts. The most prominent of these were the complex transition to democracy, rifts in political and partisan circles, in addition to the re-emergence of thorny issues, as was the case with border issues, and more so...

The Muslim Brotherhood and the West: Reading through Official...

The conflict between the palace, the UK and civil political forces in Egypt on how to deal with the Muslim Brotherhood remained a source of disputes and bad decisions. On 16 May 1943, four ministers in El-Nahhas’ government attended a meeting with the Brotherhood at its headquarters in Cairo....

Difficult Bets: The US’ Containment Strategy and Resolving the...

Despite its criticism of the Houthi attacks on Saudi Arabia, which have recently escalated to an unprecedented level, the US State Department defended its request to the Congress to remove the Houthi Movement from the list of terrorists to resume humanitarian relief operations in Yemen access to which the...

Rise and Presence of Muslim Brotherhood in United Kingdom

For years, there have been growing concerns amongst European governments of “non-violent” Islamist organizations, especially, branches of the Muslim Brotherhood working on the European continent. The increasing concerns include the idea that such groups aim to undermine western democratic values and build cleavages within the society. For instance, according...

The Muslim Brotherhood and the West: A Read through...

The British documentations and records, which were found between 2010 and 2020 and revolved around the history of the UK’s relationship with the Muslim Brotherhood, helped scholars and researchers in understanding and analyzing the relationship and studying its background, its motives and its impact both in the historical and...

Latest posts